Ğalimcan İbrahimof

Ğalimcan İbrahimof
Galimzhan Ibraһimov.jpg
Born12 March 1887 Edit this on Wikidata
Sultanmuratovo 22 Edit this on Wikidata
Died21 January 1938 Edit this on Wikidata (aged 50)
Kazan Edit this on Wikidata
Alma mater
Employer
  • Academic Center
  • Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of Tatarstan
  • Qızıl Şäreq
  • Muskom
  • Ğäliä
  • İrek Edit this on Wikidata

Ğalimcan İbrahimof (Tatar: Галимҗан Ибраһимов, Ğalimcan İbrahimof, عالم جان ابراهيمف, Tatar pronunciation: [ᴚɑlimˈʑɑn ibraˈhimɯf]), 1887 – 1938) was a Tatar public figure, writer and linguist.

Biography

Ğalimcan İbrahimof was born in 1887 in the village of Soltanmorat (Sultanmuratovo) in the family of Ğirfan İbrahimof, who was an imam in this village, and his wife, Bibixäsänä. He received his primary education from his father, then he studied in the madrasah of Keşänle, and in the Russian-language zemstvo school in Soltanmorat. In 1898–1905 and 1906–1908 he studied at "Wäliä" (Orendurg) and "Ğäliä" (Ufa) madrasahs respectively. After İbrahimof was expelled from "Ğäliä", he collaborated with various Tatar-language newspapers, such as Älislax, Yoldız, Waqıt, , worked as a teacher in modern-day Qazaqstan, Ural, and vicinities of Ästerxan.[1] In 1912–1913 İbrahimof attended Kiev University as a free listener but was arrested by the police for participating in the underground Muslim revolutionary circle and remained under surveilliance until February Revolution.[2] Upon release from prison, he worked as an executive secretary of journal (Qazan); then, in 1915 İbrahimof began to work as a teacher in Ğäliä madrasah.

After the February Revolution İbrahimof, together with Fatix Säyfi-Qazanlı and Şärif Sünçäläy began to publish a newspaper called İrek (Freedom); the same year he was elected to Millät Mäclese, where he was a member of Tupraqçılar (supporters of territorial autonomy) faction and participated in the activities of its legislative and financial commissions.[3] He was also elected a deputy of the Russian Constituent Assembly from Ufa Governorate. In 1918 together with Mullanur Waxitof and Şärif Manatof participated in the creation of the Commissariat for Muslim Affairs of Inner Russia under the RSFSR's People's Commissariat for Nationalities. In 1919–1920 İbrahimof was a member of the Central Muslim Military Collegium, head of the Press Department Editorial Board of the Central Bureau of Communist Organizations of the Peoples of the East under the Central Committee of the RCP(b), and an employee of the Qızıl Şäreq (Red East) magazine.

From 1920, he worked at the People's Commissariat of Education of Tatarstan ASSR, and was the chief editor of Bezneñ yul (Our way) and Mäğärif (Education) journals. In 1925–1927, İbrahimof was a head of Academic Center of the People's Commissariat of the Republic Education of Tatar ASSR.

He retired in 1927 due to illness in 1927, and lived in Yalta (Crimea) until 1937, when he was arrested as a part of falsified case of right-wing Trotskyite anti-soviet nationalist organization. İbrahimof was transferred to Qazan's Pelätän prison and died shortly after in its hospital of pulmonary tuberculosis and tuberculous pleurisy. He was posthumously rehabilitated in 1955[4]

Works

İbrahimof's first literary work, Zäki şäkertneñ mädräsädän quıluı, was published in Älislax newspaper in 1907.[5] Other works indclude Yäş yöräklär (Young hearts, 1912), Bezneñ könnär (Our days, 1919), Qazaq qızı (Kazakh girl, 1924), Tirän tamırlar (Deep roots, 1928) novels, Tatar xatını nilär kürmi (Tatar woman's fate, 1910), Qızıl çäçäklär (Red flowers, 1921), Ädämnär (People, 1923, dedicated to events related to the famine in the Volga area) stories, Yaña keşelär (New people, 1920) play, etc. His collected works were published in 1974–1987 and in 2000 in Qazan.

İbrahimof wrote works on Tatar philology and linguistics, such as Tatar sarıfı (Tatar grammar, 1911), Tatar telen niçek uqıtırğa? (How to teach the Tatar language?, 1916), İmlä-xäref mäs'äläse (The matter of spelling, 1924). Also, Ibrahimof wrote articles about Şihabetdin Märcani, Qäyüm Nasıyri, and historical and publicistic works on revolutionary movement among Tatars.[6]

References

  1. ^ https://kpfu.ru/staff_files/F_1313017446/Bekmetov_R.F._Tatarovedenie_seminar_sbornik.pdf[bare URL PDF]
  2. ^ Җәүдәт Миңнуллин, Рамил Исламов [tt], ed. (2020). Галимҗан Ибраһимов — документларда (PDF) (in Tatar and Russian). Казан: Җыен. ISBN 978-5-902783480.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: editors list (link)
  3. ^ "Милләт Мәҗлесе". tatarica.org (in Tatar). Retrieved 2022-07-25.
  4. ^ Җәүдәт Миңнуллин, Рамил Исламов [tt], ed. (2020). Галимҗан Ибраһимов — документларда (PDF) (in Tatar and Russian). Казан: Җыен. ISBN 978-5-902783480.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: editors list (link)
  5. ^ Җәүдәт Миңнуллин, Рамил Исламов [tt], ed. (2020). Галимҗан Ибраһимов — документларда (PDF) (in Tatar and Russian). Казан: Җыен. ISBN 978-5-902783480.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: editors list (link)
  6. ^ "Ибраһимов Галимҗан Гыйрфан улы". tatarica.org (in Tatar). Retrieved 2022-08-04.

External links

  • Җәүдәт Миңнуллин, Рамил Исламов [tt], ed. (2020). Галимҗан Ибраһимов — документларда (PDF) (in Tatar and Russian). Казан: Җыен. ISBN 978-5-902783480.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: editors list (link)
  • "Ибраһимов Галимҗан Гыйрфан улы". tatarica.org (in Tatar). Retrieved 2022-08-04.